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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 65  

To the editor: Is this cutaneous angiomyolipoma truly an angiomyolipoma?


Department of Clinical and Experimental Pathomorphology, Jagiellonian University, Medical College, Kraków, Poland

Date of Web Publication3-Jan-2013

Correspondence Address:
Krzysztof Okon
Department of Clinical and Experimental Pathomorphology, Jagiellonian University, Medical College, ul. Grzegórzecka 16, 31-531, Kraków
Poland
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2229-5178.105495

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How to cite this article:
Okon K, Dyduch G. To the editor: Is this cutaneous angiomyolipoma truly an angiomyolipoma?. Indian Dermatol Online J 2013;4:65

How to cite this URL:
Okon K, Dyduch G. To the editor: Is this cutaneous angiomyolipoma truly an angiomyolipoma?. Indian Dermatol Online J [serial online] 2013 [cited 2019 Dec 15];4:65. Available from: http://www.idoj.in/text.asp?2013/4/1/65/105495

Sir,

We have read the article by Ammanagi et al. [1] with interest; however, we feel that some points need clarification. Firstly, the authors referred to angiomyolipoma (AML) as "hamartomatous" lesion; although this was the traditional view, it is now well accepted that these lesions are clonal and neoplastic; the same is true for other tumor-like lesions of tuberous sclerosis. [2],[3] In fact, it is believed that the structural elements of AML, although recapitulating adipose tissue, vessels, and smooth muscle have a different and common origin in the putative epithelioid perivascular cell (PEC). The mere coexistence of adipocytes with vessels and smooth muscle is thus not sufficient to make diagnosis of AML. Second, we cannot agree that renal AML constitute separated entity from extrarenal AML. The lesions seen in the liver, retroperitoneum, lymph nodes, lung, or other locations share the morphology as well as lineage characteristics of renal AMLs.

More importantly, the photographs included in the paper are not truly compatible with the diagnosis given. As the authors them self state, the age of the patient and location of the lesion is unusual for an AML. In such a case, morphologic features and the immunophenotype of the tumor should be at least compatible with the diagnosis; however [Figure 3] in the article by Ammanagi et al. shows large vascular-like spaces, connective (fibrous?) tissue, and adipocytes. No immunohistochemistry was used, hence a question may arise if the vascular spaces are truly vascular; differential diagnosis with a kind of urachal remnant is essential. In our opinion, the histologic picture as well the description is only distantly reminiscent of an AML. The diagnosis has to be confirmed by demonstration of PEC lineage (e.g., coexpression of smooth muscle and melanocytic markers, S-100 negativity in adipocytes, CD1a positivity or electron microscopy). We cannot plausibly declare that the lesion presented is not an AML; however, the authors didn't prove their diagnosis. If we could suggest the next step in investigation, if the AML diagnosis is unequivocally established, the analysis of TSC1 and TSC2 genes would be of extreme interest; in fact, as far as we know, there are no data about their status in AML located in the skin.

 
   References Top

1.Ammanagi AS, Dombale VD, Shindholimath VV. Cutaneous angiomyolipoma. Indian Dermatol Online J 2012;31:40-1.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.Green AJ, Sepp T, Yates JR. Clonality of tuberous sclerosis hamartomas shown by non-random X-chromosome inactivation. Hum Genet 1996;97:240-3.  Back to cited text no. 2
[PUBMED]    
3.Kattar MM, Grignon DJ, Eble JN, Hurley PM, Lewis PE, Sakr WE, et al. Chromosomal analysis of renal angiomyolipoma by comparative genomic hybridization: Evidence for clonal origin. Hum Pathol 1999;30:295-9.  Back to cited text no. 3
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