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DRUG PROFILE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 246-249

Ingenol mebutate: A novel topical drug for actinic keratosis


1 Department of Pharmacology, Dr Harvansh Singh Judge Institute of Dental Sciences, Sector 25, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Dermatology, MM Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Suruchi Aditya
Department of Pharmacology, Dr. Harvansh Singh Judge Institute of Dental Sciences, Sector 25, Chandigarh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2229-5178.115538

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The global incidence of non-melanoma skin cancer is rising. Significant morbidity leading to unacceptable cosmetic outcomes and/or functional impairment is a major concern. Search for non-surgical, non-invasive and tissue-sparing treatment modalities has led to development of new therapeutic agents. Actinic keratoses (AK) are one part of a continuous spectrum of benign sun damage to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Although it is not possible to predict which AK might progress to SCC, the presence of AK is a biomarker of risk for patients and must be treated to avoid possible morbidity and mortality. Ingenol mebutate is a novel topical drug from the latex sap of a plant-Euphorbia peplus that acts by chemoablative and immunostimulatory properties. Clinical studies have proven it to be safe and efficacious, leading to FDA approval of this chemotherapeutic agent for field therapy of AK in 2012. Current topical agents for field therapy of AK must be applied for weeks, whereas ingenol needs to be applied for three days. Ingenol offers a new therapeutic option that is convenient, safe, effective, acceptable and well-tolerated.


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