|LETTER TO THE EDITOR
|Year : 2014 | Volume
| Issue : 4 | Page : 535-536
Leg ulcers: An Indian perspective
Department of Plastic Surgery, Army Hospital Research and Referral, New Delhi, India
|Date of Web Publication||10-Oct-2014|
Department of Plastic Surgery, Army Hospital Research and Referral, New Delhi - 110 010
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Langer V. Leg ulcers: An Indian perspective
. Indian Dermatol Online J 2014;5:535-6
The article venous leg ulcer: Management aspect in Indian scenario by V Vishwanath  very vividly brought out the problems and peculiarities of the Indian context. In the absence of a central trauma and wound registry and quality research on the issue, it is difficult to correctly assess the magnitude of the suffering generated by leg ulcers in this country of over 1.2 billion people. This coupled with poor infrastructure, superstitions, and beliefs of the rural population that accounts for the majority of the population, makes treating such patients an arduous challenge. Popular perceptions of the cause of leg ulceration may be influenced by the humoral theories of balance and imbalance. Other explanations include poor circulation, lowered immunity, bad blood, being cursed and doing something wrong in a past life or this life. 
While there are few Indian studies on the epidemiology of chronic wounds, one study estimated the prevalence at 4.5/1000 population. The incidence of acute wounds was more than double at 10.5/1000 population.  As has already been brought out elsewhere in the issue, in the Western world, leg ulcers are mainly caused by venous hypertension, arterial insufficiency, neuropathy, especially in the diabetic, pressure, vasculitis, or a combination of these factors. Most of the ulcers in India are undoubtedly due to venous etiology, but many other causes such as filariasis, tuberculosis, and leprosy, not frequently seen in the western countries, add to the misery of the Indian patient. The study from India shows that etiology of chronic wounds included systemic conditions such as diabetes and atherosclerosis. Other major causes included pressure ulcers, vasculitis, and trauma. Not surprisingly, the study stated that an inappropriate treatment of acute traumatic wounds was the most common cause of the chronic wound.
The author has brought out another interesting aspect: The possibility of the association of more co-morbidities in the Indian patient with leg ulcers as compared to the one in the West. Again, in the paucity of adequate studies, it is difficult to ascertain this difference but this aspect may be a trigger for future research. Yet again, the author stimulates the novel thought of translating quality-of-life indices into multiple Indian languages to reach out to the Indian population.
The author has mentioned the use of honey, activated charcoal, and potato peel for dressings and maggot therapy for debridement. There are other agents that have been used since times immemorial. However, randomized controlled trials are lacking in Indian literature.
A lot of patients, especially in rural India, cannot afford many of the investigations listed elsewhere in the issue. Therefore, ankle-brachial pressure index with color. Duplex ultrasound scanning should form the backbone of investigative work-up for the patient with a leg ulcer. Poor local hygiene adds to the problems of wound healing and complications like infection following surgery also increase. Recurrent ulcerations with frequent breakdowns of possible split thickness skin graft placed over the large ulcer are also likely to be more in the Indian patient due to the previously mentioned reasons. However, for the Indian patient, especially the poor laborer who cannot afford long periods of absence from work, with a large ulcer more than 5 cm in diameter, it may be prudent for coverage to be effected with the help of a skin graft to reduce the morbidity and enhance faster healing.
| References|| |
Vishwanath V. Venous leg ulcer: Management aspect in Indian scenario. Indian Dermatol Online J 2014;5:396.
Lewis C. Healthcare beliefs of Indian patients living with leg and foot ulcers. Br J Nurs 2007;16:S22-6.
Shukla VK, Ansari MA, Gupta SK. Wound healing research: A perspective from India. Int J Low Extrem Wounds 2005;4:7-8.