|LETTER TO THE EDITOR
|Year : 2015 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 49-50
An unusual case of tinea capitis caused by Trichophyton schoenleinii in an elderly female
Shruti S Ghadgepatil1, Yugal K Sharma1, Rabindranath Misra2, Kedar N Dash1, Milind A Patvekar1, Kirti S Deo1
1 Department of Dermatology, Dr. D Y Patil Medical College and Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Microbiology, Dr. D Y Patil Medical College and Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
|Date of Web Publication||8-Jan-2015|
Dr. Shruti S Ghadgepatil
C/o Sahebrao Ghadgepatil, Trimurti Pawan Pratishthan, Trimurti Nagar, Newasa Phata, Ahmednagar - 404 603, Maharashtra
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Ghadgepatil SS, Sharma YK, Misra R, Dash KN, Patvekar MA, Deo KS. An unusual case of tinea capitis caused by Trichophyton schoenleinii in an elderly female. Indian Dermatol Online J 2015;6:49-50
|How to cite this URL:|
Ghadgepatil SS, Sharma YK, Misra R, Dash KN, Patvekar MA, Deo KS. An unusual case of tinea capitis caused by Trichophyton schoenleinii in an elderly female. Indian Dermatol Online J [serial online] 2015 [cited 2020 May 25];6:49-50. Available from: http://www.idoj.in/text.asp?2015/6/1/49/148944
Tinea capitis occurs worldwide and commonly involves young children; <3% of its cases have been reported in the elderly. Improved standards of living in the developing countries after the Second World War has been associated with almost complete disappearance of many anthropophilic dermatophytes including Trichophyton schoenleinii. The "favic" type of tinea capitis classically caused by T. schoenleinii presents with yellowish cup shaped crusts called "scutula."  The black dot variant has never been reported with T. schoenleinii till date. Herein we report a case of "black dot" variety of tinea capitis from the Pune district of Maharashtra, India.
A 70-year-old female presented with complaints of a markedly itchy scalp along with broken and unevenly growing hair since last two years. She denied contact with infected children, family members or pets. There was no history of plucking of hair or inland travel to places known to be endemic for tinea capitis. Examination of the occipital and right parietal scalp revealed patchy hair loss with broken hair shafts and black dot appearance [Figure 1]. The hair was of irregular length. There was no evidence of any dermatophytoses or other dermatoses anywhere else on the body. The patient was not hypertensive, diabetic, HIV-positive, or on any immunosuppressive drug. KOH mount showed fungal hyphae which revealed grey green fluorescence on Wood's light examination.  Based on the culture findings of slow growing, glabrous, off-white colonies with a folded surface, a characteristic crack in the agar medium [Figure 2]a, visualization of a brown reverse pigment [Figure 2]b along with microscopic appearance of knobby, antler-like hyphae (favic chandelier) [Figure 3], the isolate was identified as T. schoenleinii. The patient was placed on the oral griseofulvin 375 mg twice a day, levocetirizine 5 mg twice a day and cetrimide shampoo thrice a week. The rationale of using cetrimide shampoo was to give antiseptic coverage to the patient keeping in mind the low hygiene status and few erosions caused on the scalp by vigorous scratching.
|Figure 2: (a) Slow growing off-white glabrous colonies with a folded surface and characteristic crack in the agar medium. (b) Reverse brown pigment|
Click here to view
|Figure 3: Knobby, antler-like hyphae with characteristic "favic chandelier" appearance. Lactophenol cotton blue stain was used and the growth observed under, ×40|
Click here to view
The above mentioned low prevalence rate of tinea capitis in adults is accounted for by the presence of fungistatic saturated fatty acids in postpubertal sebum, competitive interference by Pityrosporum ovale and thicker caliber of hair.  Predisposing factors for sporadic tinea capitis in adults could to be immunosuppression or HIV, another source of fungal infection over the body, contact with children and/or zoophilic sources like pets.  Though a rare dermatophyte in India, a few endemic pockets of T. schoenleinii infection exist in Northwestern Indian states of Kashmir valley, Punjab and Rajasthan;  a few sporadic cases of its classical favic infection have also been reported from Haryana, Udaipur and South India. ,, The occurrence of black dot in our case from Pune suggests the possibility of sporadic foci of infection. Hence a high index of clinical suspicion and speciation by culture prior to initiation of therapy is essential in all cases presenting with patchy alopecia, uneven hair growth, scaling and crusting, irrespective of their age.
| References|| |
Khaled A, Ben Mbarek L, Kharfi M, Zeglaoui F, Bouratbine A, Fazaa B, et al
. Tinea capitis favosa due to Trichophyton schoenleinii
. Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Panonica Adriat 2007;16:34-6.
Hay R, Ashbee H. Mycology. In: Burns T, Breahnach S, Cox N, Griffiths C, editors. Rook's Textbook of Dermatology. 8 th
ed. UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.; 2010. p. 36.25-42.
Narang K, Pahwa M, Ramesh V. Tinea capitis in the form of concentric rings in an HIV positive adult on antiretroviral treatment. Indian J Dermatol 2012;57:288-90.
Siddaramappa B, Hemashettar MB, Patil SC. Favus from South India - A case report. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 1991;57:43-4.
Gupta LK, Masuria BL, Mittal A, Sharma M, Bansal NK. Favus in a non-endemic area. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 1997;63:197-8.
Nigam PK, Pasricha JS, Banerjee U. Favus in a Haryana village. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 1990;56:137-8.
[Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3]