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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 294-296  

An interesting observation of polymorphous light eruption occurring on hypopigmented scars


1 Department of Dermatology, PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Dermatology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Ponekkara, Kochi, Kerala, India

Date of Web Publication8-Jul-2015

Correspondence Address:
Pradeep Balasubramanian
Department of Dermatology, No. 5/23, Vivekananda Street Extension, P.N. Pudur, Coimbatore - 641 041, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2229-5178.160285

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How to cite this article:
Balasubramanian P, Jagadeesan S, Sekar L, Thomas J. An interesting observation of polymorphous light eruption occurring on hypopigmented scars. Indian Dermatol Online J 2015;6:294-6

How to cite this URL:
Balasubramanian P, Jagadeesan S, Sekar L, Thomas J. An interesting observation of polymorphous light eruption occurring on hypopigmented scars. Indian Dermatol Online J [serial online] 2015 [cited 2019 Sep 22];6:294-6. Available from: http://www.idoj.in/text.asp?2015/6/4/294/160285

Sir,

Polymorphous light eruption (PMLE), as the name indicates can present in myriad morphological forms; but the occurrence of these lesions on scars is practically unknown. Herein, we report an interesting observation of PMLE preferentially involving the sites of hypopigmented scars.

A 28-year-old male reported to the dermatology outpatient department with pruritic papular eruptions on the outer aspect of forearms. The lesions were confined to the sites of hypopigmented scars on the forearms that were the sequelae of burn injury that he sustained before 3 months. The patient stated that these lesions developed within an hour of exposure to sunlight. He was treated with topical steroids and the lesions resolved completely. Few days later, the patient presented again with grouped micropapular lesions on the extensor aspect of forearms involving the scars as well as areas of normal skin symmetrically. After the lesions had resolved, a photoprovocation test (the patient was asked to expose the forearms to the direct sunlight for 10-15 min) was done followed by the reappearance of similar lesions on the scar site and the surrounding areas in the forearm [Figure 1] [Figure 2] [Figure 3] [Figure 4] [Figure 5]. There was no history of intake or application of any photosensitizing medications. Histopathologic examination of the lesional skin biopsy specimen revealed mild acanthosis and spongiosis of epidermis with perivascular lymphocytic infiltration and edema of the dermis. [Figure 6] The diagnosis of PMLE was established on the basis of clinical, histopathological and photoprovocation test findings. As there was a predilection for the PMLE lesions to involve the hypopigmented scars, we would like to propose a new term for this variant of PMLE, the "scar PMLE".
Figure 1: Grouped papular lesions of polymorphous light eruption occurring on the hypopigmented scars (black arrow head) and the normal skin (blue arrow head) following photoprovocation test

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Figure 2: (a) Hypopigmented scar on the right forearm. (b) Polymorphous light eruption on the scar following photoprovocation test

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Figure 3: (a) Hypopigmented scar on the left forearm. (b) Polymorphous light eruption lesions following photoprovocation test

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Figure 4: Polymorphic light eruption on the right forearm on the nonscar site

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Figure 5: Erythematous papular eruptions on the hypopigmented scar on the right forearm following sunlight exposure

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Figure 6: Histopathology of the light eruption showing mild acanthosis and spongiosis in the epidermis. The dermis shows perivascular lympocytic infiltration and edema (H and E, ×100)

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Polymorphous light eruption has been reported to present in a variety of morphological forms; papular, papulovesicular, vesiculobullous, insect bite-like, erythema multiforme-like and eczematous. Papular type is the most common followed by the papulovesicular type. [1] In this case, PMLE lesions occurring in hypopigmented scars is a unique phenomenon not described previously. Possible pathomechanisms underlying PMLE lesions that preferentially affect scar sites have not been considered before. Increased density and activity in scar sites of Langerhans cells that are also key to immunological events leading to PMLE might be the reason. [2],[3] Thus, the phenomenon can be explained as Wolff's isotopic phenomenon because of increase in the number and activity of Langerhans cells in the scars that co-mediate type 4 hypersensitivity of PMLE. Paucity of melanin in the hypopigmented scars and the consequent focal reduction in photo-protection may also be contributory. Nonetheless, we need to probe deeper to fully understand the pathophysiology of this distinctive phenomenon - "scar PMLE".

 
   References Top

1.
Hawk JL, Ferguson J. Abnormal responses to ultraviolet radiation: Idiopathic, probably immunologic, and photo-exacerbated. In: Wolff K, Goldsmith LA, Katz SI, Gilchrest BA, Paller AS, Leffell DJ, editors. Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in Internal Medicine. 7 th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2008. p. 817.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Norris PG, Morris J, McGibbon DM, Chu AC, Hawk JL. Polymorphic light eruption: An immunopathological study of evolving lesions. Br J Dermatol 1989;120:173-83.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Kölgen W, Van Weelden H, Den Hengst S, Guikers KL, Kiekens RC, Knol EF, et al. CD11b cells and ultraviolet-B-resistant CD1a cells in skin of patients with polymorphous light eruption. J Invest Dermatol 1999;113:4-10.  Back to cited text no. 3
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4], [Figure 5], [Figure 6]



 

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