|THROUGH THE LENS
|Year : 2016 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 224-225
Type B pigmentary demarcation lines
Lalit Kumar Gupta, Ankita Srivastava, Ashok Kumar Khare, Asit Mittal, Manisha Balai, Sharad Mehta
Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Rabindra Nath Tagore Medical College, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
|Date of Web Publication||13-May-2016|
Lalit Kumar Gupta
Department of Dermatology, Rabindra Nath Tagore Medical College, Udaipur - 313 001, Rajasthan
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Gupta LK, Srivastava A, Khare AK, Mittal A, Balai M, Mehta S. Type B pigmentary demarcation lines. Indian Dermatol Online J 2016;7:224-5
|How to cite this URL:|
Gupta LK, Srivastava A, Khare AK, Mittal A, Balai M, Mehta S. Type B pigmentary demarcation lines. Indian Dermatol Online J [serial online] 2016 [cited 2020 Jul 9];7:224-5. Available from: http://www.idoj.in/text.asp?2016/7/3/224/182366
A 29-year-old female presented with 2 months history of asymptomatic, bilaterally symmetrical, non scaly, pigmented band involving buttocks, thighs and legs upto ankles posteromedially [Figure 1] and [Figure 2]. The medial border of the pigmentary band was sharply demarcated while laterally it merged imperceptibly into the surrounding normal skin. The pigmentation was noticed by her during the 9th month of second pregnancy. She had not received any hormonal therapy during pregnancy. There was no history of similar pigmentary alteration during previous pregnancy. Her medical and obstetric history were unremarkable. None in the family had similar pigmentation. Based on history and examination, a diagnosis of type B pigmentary demarcation lines (PDL) associated with pregnancy was made.
| Discussion|| |
Pigmentary demarcation lines, also known as Futcher's lines or Voigt's lines, are physiological lines which correspond to borders of abrupt transitions between deeply pigmented surfaces and lighter surfaces. Presently they are classified into 8 types: Type A through H. Out of these, type B is commonly associated with pregnancy usually occurring after the 7th month of pregnancy and regressing after delivery. These lines have been regarded as a physiological change during pregnancy.
The exact pathogenesis of PDL is unknown. They have been considered as an atavistic remnant, where the dorsal skin is pigmented more than the ventral to provide better protection from the sun. Hormonal alterations in the levels of estrogen, progesterone, and melanocyte-stimulating hormone during pregnancy are likely to be involved., Neurogenic inflammation due to trapping of the cutaneous nerves by the enlarging uterus  and genetic factors  may be contributory. Counseling and reassurance is what is generally required owing to the benign and self limiting nature of the condition.
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Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
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[Figure 1], [Figure 2]