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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 432-433  

Application of illuminoscope in smartphone micrography

Department of Dermatology, Yenepoya Medical College, Yenepoya University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Date of Web Publication14-Sep-2016

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manjunath Shenoy Mala
Department of Dermatology, Yenepoya Medical College, Yenepoya University, Mangalore, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2229-5178.190499

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How to cite this article:
Nair N, Mala MS, Bejai V, Pinto M. Application of illuminoscope in smartphone micrography. Indian Dermatol Online J 2016;7:432-3

How to cite this URL:
Nair N, Mala MS, Bejai V, Pinto M. Application of illuminoscope in smartphone micrography. Indian Dermatol Online J [serial online] 2016 [cited 2020 Jul 2];7:432-3. Available from: http://www.idoj.in/text.asp?2016/7/5/432/190499


Smartphones have transformed how we engage in our everyday lives. When compared to a decade ago, they have a much more dominant presence. Smartphones of the latest generation in addition to high-resolution cameras also feature advanced multicore processors, dedicated microchips for graphics, and innovative operating systems provide a portable platform for running sophisticated medical screening software and delivering point-of-care patient diagnostic services at a very low cost.[1] In dermatology, currently smartphones are used to perform teledermascopy.[2]

In addition to macroimages (ie, lesions on the skin), microimages (ie, dermatopathology) are also captured by dermatologists. Traditionally dedicated microscope cameras are used for this purpose but are expensive. Box-type digital cameras have been used with great success by pathologists and dermatologists as a cheaper alternative.[3] Images obtained in this form of micrography, although economical, are more difficult to share/transfer when compared with a smartphone. In addition, a smartphone is much more portable too. But, stability while taking a picture is still an issue, as a slight shift to any direction by even a millimeter would disrupt the image. There are commercially available microscope adapters for smartphones, which solve this issue such as the Magnifi, Skylight, and Snapzoom adapters. Micrographs of good quality have been obtained using these devices.[4] Unfortunately, these adapters are expensive and are not readily available in the Indian market. We suggest a simple inexpensive alternative to those who do not have access to these adapters. An illuminoscope that is used to elicit transillumination for scrotal hydrocele or any thick material may be rolled to the circumference of the microscope eye piece. Advantages of this include easy distance adjustment as per image focus requirement, relative stabilization of the smart phone, and cutting out of ambient light [Figure 1].
Figure 1: Picture showing the illuminoscope attached to the microscope and method of taking pictures

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We have successfully used this method to obtain microscope images with ease. One such example is [Figure 2], which is an unedited image obtained using this method [Figure 2]. We recommend illuminoscope to dermatologists and dermatology residents for easier and cost-effective smartphone micrography.
Figure 2: Unedited image taken from the smartphone using illuminoscope (H and E × 100)

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Financial support and sponsorship


Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

   References Top

Zouridakis G, Wadhawan T, Situ N, Hu R, Yuan X, Lancaster K, et al. Melanoma and other skin lesion detection using smart handheld devices. Methods Mol Biol 2015;1256:459-96.  Back to cited text no. 1
Börve A, Terstappen K, Sandberg C, Paoli J. Mobile teledermoscopy: There's an app for that! Dermatol Pract Concept 2013;3:41-8.  Back to cited text no. 2
Roy RC, Dadarya S. Use of digital camera in clinical microbiological laboratory: An academic and diagnostic tool. Int J Biomed Adv Res 2012;3:423-24.  Back to cited text no. 3
Roy S, Pantanowitz L, Amin M, Seethala RR, Ishtiaque A, Yousem SA, et al. Smartphone adapters for digital photomicrography. J Pathol Inform 2014;5:24.  Back to cited text no. 4
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