|LETTER TO THE EDITOR
|Year : 2019 | Volume
| Issue : 4 | Page : 474-475
Tinea lesions confined to tattoo site
Maitreyee Panda1, Nibedita Patro2, Chinmoy Raj1, Monali Pattnaik3
1 Department of DVL, Institute of Medical Sciences and SUM Hospital, S ‘O’A University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2 Department of DVL, Hitech Medical College and Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
3 Department of DVL, S.C.B. Medical College and Hospital, Cuttack, Odisha, India
|Date of Web Publication||28-Jun-2019|
Department of Skin and VD, IMS and SUM Hospital, Kalinga Nagar, Bhubaneswar - 751 003, Odisha
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Panda M, Patro N, Raj C, Pattnaik M. Tinea lesions confined to tattoo site. Indian Dermatol Online J 2019;10:474-5
While there are numerous reports of infectious and inflammatory reactions appearing on tattoo sites, dermatophyte infections occurring on tattoo sites are uncommonly reported, given the current epidemic outbreak of dermatophyte infection in India.
We would like to bring to your attention our encounter with four patients having tinea lesions which were limited to the tattoo site only while the rest of the body was conspicuously spared. In all the four patients, tattooing was done with black ink [Figure 1]. Thin hyaline branching septate hyphae was seen on potassium hydroxide mount, and Trichophyton rubrum was grown on culture in three patients, and Epidermophyton floccosum in one patient. Gram stain was negative in all cases. All the four patients were given oral itraconazole 100 mg twice daily for 2 weeks and topical amorolfine cream to apply on the affected area once daily for 4 weeks. There was complete clinical cure at the end of 4 weeks.
|Figure 1: (a) Patient 1, (b) Patient 2, (c) Patient 3, and (d) Patient 4. In all the patients, tinea lesions were limited to the tattoo site|
Click here to view
A few authors have tried to explain this phenomenon with two possible theories. Direct cutaneous inoculation can occur at the tattoo site through contaminated instruments or due to reduced local, humoral, and cellular immunity due to black pigment in the tattoo ink.,
In all our patients, the tattoos were more than 2 months old while the appearance of infection was acute. As the incubation period of tinea corporis is 4–10 days, it cannot be logically explained that the infections were acquired from the instrument in our patients. In their case report, Miller et al. observed that warts appeared on a 10-year-old tattoo, but they were only restricted to the area of black ink. The authors attributed this phenomenon to loss of local immunity which must be caused by the black ink as the other differently colored areas were spared.
Similarly, all our patients had tattoos with black ink and the tinea lesions were restricted to the tattoo area only while the other areas were strikingly spared. This finding rules out instrument-acquired infection while substantiating the hypothesis of black ink causing loss of local immunity.
With the increasing trend of tattooing and simultaneous resurgence of dermatophytic infections, the incidence of infection on tattoos may be a cause for concern in future. This case series is probably the first series to be reported from India to the best of our knowledge.
Declaration of patient consent
The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
Molina L, Romiti R. Molluscum contagiosum on tattoo. An Bras Dermatol 2011;86:352-4.
Blasco-Morente G, Naranjo-Díaz MJ, Pérez-López I, Martínez-López A, Garrido-Colmenero C. Molluscum contagiosum over tattooed skin. Sultan QaboosUniv Med J 2016;16:e257-8.
Miller DM, Mich AA, Brodell RT. Verruca restricted to the areas of black dye within a tattoo. Arch Dermatol 1994;130:1453-4.