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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 1-5

Sexually transmitted infections in women: A correlation of clinical and laboratory diagnosis in cases of vaginal discharge syndrome

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Government Medical College, Baroda, Gujarat, India
2 Department of Skin and VD, GMERS Medical College, Gotri, Baroda, Gujarat, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Baroda, Gujarat, India
4 Department of Skin and VD, Government Medical College, Baroda, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Maitri Shah
30, Gulabchand Park, Opposite Ambalal Park, Kareli Baug, Baroda - 390 018, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2229-5178.144498

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Aims: This study compares the clinical and laboratory diagnosis of vaginal discharge syndrome. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study was carried out at the gynaecology outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital in Gujarat, India. Material and Methods: Total of 180 females diagnosed as vaginal discharge or cervicitis based on syndromic approach and were recruited for the study. Their clinical profile was noted and they were investigated for bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, candidiasis, gonorrhoea and chlamydia infection. Results: Lower abdominal pain (35%) followed by burning micturition (23.9%) were the common associated complaints. Bacterial vaginosis was the most common clinical diagnosis, while trichomoniasis was least common. Upon laboratory investigation, 35.6% of cases of vaginal discharge and 12% of cases of cervicitis tested positive. Percentage of cases confirmed by laboratory investigation was 50, 27.8 and 41.7 for bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis and candidiasis respectively. Conclusion: Among all the females diagnosed as vaginal discharge syndrome, a very small percentage actually turned out to be positive upon laboratory testing.

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