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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-12

KAP Study on Sexually Transmitted Infections/Reproductive Tract Infections (STIs/RTIs) among married women in rural Haryana

1 Department of Community Medicine, Velammal Medical College Hospital and Research Institute, Velammal Village, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
3 National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
4 Department of Community Medicine, BPS Government Medical College for Women, Khanpur Kalan, Sonepat, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Silan Vijay
Department of Community Medicine, BPS Government Medical College for Women, Khanpur kalan, Sonepat, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2229-5178.148919

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Context: About 490 million cases of curable Reproductive Tract Infections (RTI) occur throughout the world, of which 79 million cases occur in India annually. Sexually Transmitted Infections/Reproductive Tract Infections (STI/RTI) confers a huge economic burden on the individual and the health system. Complications of RTI/STI are many, ranging from chronic pain syndrome to infertility. Most of these complications can be prevented by early diagnosis and treatment. Aims: To assess knowledge, attitude and practices on STI/RTIs among married women aged 15-45 years in rural Haryana. Setting and Design: Cross-sectional study, conducted in selected villages under the primary health centre Mandi, Sonepat, Haryana. Subjects and Methods: Systematic sampling was used to cover 10 villages. In each village, every tenth house was sampled, taking first house from the center of the village. Face-to-face interview was conducted using pretested questionnaire. Statistical Analysis Used: Descriptive statistics and results were described in percentages. Results: A total of 344 women were interviewed. About 44% women had never heard of STI/RTI. The prevalence of self-reported symptoms of STI/RTI was very high (60%). Only 40% of them opted for treatment and most common cause for not opting for treatment was that they considered it as a minor problem. Advice for use of condom during the treatment was received by only 20% of patients and only 26.5% of their husbands also received treatment. Conclusions: Overall knowledge, attitude and practices relating to STI/RTI among married women in rural Haryana was poor. The prevalence of self-reported STI/RTI was found to be high and treatment seeking behavior was poor.

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