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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 256-261

Mycetoma: A common yet unrecognized health burden in central India

1 Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Pathology, Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Microbiology, Vasantrao Naik Government Medical College, Yavatmal, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Vaishali H Wankhade
Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Government Medical College and Hospital, Nagpur - 440 003, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/idoj.IDOJ_358_18

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Context: Mycetoma is a chronic suppurative infective disorder of skin, subcutaneous tissue, fascia, and bones caused by the traumatic inoculation of either fungal (eumycotic) or bacterial (actinomycotic) organisms present in the soil. Triad of tumefaction, discharging sinuses, and grains characterizes the disease. Aims: This study was undertaken to study the clinical spectrum and treatment response of mycetoma in central India. Settings and Design: It was a retrospective study of clinical and/or biopsy-proven and treated cases of mycetoma from November 2015 to October 2016. Subjects and Methods: Medical records of diagnosed and treated mycetoma patients were enrolled retrospectively during November 2015 and October 2016. Case records of patients were evaluated with respect to demographic, clinical, microbiological details, bone involvement, and treatment. Type of therapies and outcome, wherever available, were also assessed. Statistical Analysis: Statistical analysis was done using proportion, mean, and percentages. Results: Eleven cases (male = 8) were seen during the study period (seven actinomycetoma and four eumycetoma). Foot and lower extremity was the most common site (9/11), whereas upper extremity and forehead were involved in one case each. On culture, the organisms isolated were Phialophora and Fusarium. Modified Welsch regimen was started in six of seven patients with actinomycetoma, whereas one was started on sulfamethoxazole–trimethoprim and a combination of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid therapy. All four cases of eumycetoma were treated with itraconazole. On follow-up, six cases of actinomycetoma cases showed significant improvement. Two cases of eumycetoma showed mild to moderate improvement and one case required surgical intervention. One case each of actinomycetoma and eumycetoma were lost to follow-up. Conclusion: Mycetoma has been recognized as a neglected tropical disease by the World Health Organization, recently. There are very few case reports from the central part of India. Prominent case detection in our study emphasizes the need of larger studies to know the extent of disease in this part of India.

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