|THROUGH THE DERMOSCOPE
|Ahead of print publication
An itchy rash over a foot: Dermoscopy clinched the diagnosis
Pooja Gupta, Dinesh P Asati, Suman Patra
Department of Dermatology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
|Date of Submission||20-Jan-2020|
|Date of Decision||23-Mar-2020|
|Date of Acceptance||17-Apr-2020|
|Date of Web Publication||19-Sep-2020|
Department of Dermatology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal - 462 020, Madhya Pradesh
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
A 10-year-old boy presented with an itchy plaque over the right sole for 1 day. The lesion, which was noticed suddenly in the morning, was associated with severe itching and stinging sensation. An irregular shaped brownish plaque 2.5 × 3 cm with a pseudo vesicular appearance at places was noticed over the medial aspect of the right sole on examination [Figure 1]. There was no lesion elsewhere in the body. The initial clinical diagnosis of dyshidrotic eczema was kept. Dermoscopy of the lesion (Heine delta 20T, polarized mode) revealed few structureless, pale-brown areas with numerous dark brown colored tiny thin spines of 0.1 to 0.3 mm length embedded into the keratinous layer [Figure 2]. A possibility of a caterpillar sting was suspected. Further history revealed the presence of many caterpillars in residential area and history of walking barefoot in and around the house by the patient and a caterpillar was detected on the floor of his house [Figure 3]. The patient was counseled regarding the probable diagnosis of caterpillar sting dermatitis and treated with a potent topical steroid to minimize inflammation.
|Figure 1: Irregular shaped brownish plaque over the sole with pseudo vesicular lesions at the periphery|
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|Figure 2: Dermoscopy (10 × magnification polarized mode) showing structureless, pale-brown areas, and numerous tiny dark brown colored spines embedded into the keratinous layer|
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Caterpillars are larvae form of butterflies and moths. They sometimes cause skin lesions in humans by the “breakaway” spines or hairs that can inadvertently be implanted into the skin. Most reactions in skin are in the form of urticarial wheal, papular urticaria, lesions resembling dermatitis. Rarely the stings and hairs contain venom. Contact with the South American “saturniid” moth or “Lonomia” caterpillars can cause consumptive coagulopathy, intracerebral hemorrhage, and acute renal failure., Lepidopterism refers to a systemic reaction to caterpillars and is characterized by more widespread erythema or urticaria, nausea, vomiting, wheezing, conjunctivitis, headache, etc. The caterpillar species found in India have not been reported to cause severe allergic reactions. In our case, it was probably a moth caterpillar, a common species found in the Indian subcontinent. The color of the spine we noticed on dermatoscopy was similar to that of the caterpillar found in the patient's house. But we could have removed the spines from the foot lesion and examine under a microscope and corroborate with that from the caterpillar found in the house. We also could not perform histopathology from skin lesions due to a lack of parental consent. Our case is unique as it elaborates on an easy identification tool for caterpillar sting induced dermatitis.
Declaration of patient consent
The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.
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Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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[Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3]