Indian Dermatology Online Journal

THROUGH THE DERMOSCOPE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 210--211

Dermoscopy of Tinea Manuum


Deepak Jakhar1, Ishmeet Kaur2, Sidharth Sonthalia3,  
1 Department of Dermatology, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Dermatology and STD, University College of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
3 Senior Consultant Dermatologist and Dermatosurgeon, Department of Dermatology, Skinnocence: The Skin Clinic and Research centre, Gurugram, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Deepak Jakhar
H.No-82, V.P.O Goyla Khurd, New Delhi- 110 071
India




How to cite this article:
Jakhar D, Kaur I, Sonthalia S. Dermoscopy of Tinea Manuum.Indian Dermatol Online J 2019;10:210-211


How to cite this URL:
Jakhar D, Kaur I, Sonthalia S. Dermoscopy of Tinea Manuum. Indian Dermatol Online J [serial online] 2019 [cited 2021 Oct 24 ];10:210-211
Available from: https://www.idoj.in/text.asp?2019/10/2/210/254306


Full Text



A middle-aged male presented with itching and scaling over the palmar aspect of the left hand for 1 month. There was no history of any previous treatment. Examination of the palmar aspect of the left hand revealed erythema and diffuse white scaling [Figure 1]. Examination of rest of the skin, mucosa, nails and scalp was noncontributory. Dermoscopy (Dinolite AM413ZT) revealed white scales mainly localized to palmar skin furrows and adjoining dermatoglyphics [Figure 2]a and d]. Application of immersion fluid revealed dotted vessels in the skin furrows [Figure 2]b and [Figure 2]c, [Figure 2]d,[Figure 2]e. KOH examination of the lesional skin scrapings revealed presence of septate hyphae confirming the diagnosis of tinea manuum [Figure 2]c.{Figure 1}{Figure 2}

Palmar erythema and scaling is commonly seen in chronic hand eczema, palmar psoriasis, and tinea manuum. Despite a thorough examination, a clinical diagnosis is sometimes not achieved. Histopathology is confirmatory but not feasible in all patients. Dermoscopy can serve as an adjunctive tool to differentiate between these conditions. Dermoscopy of chronic hand eczema reveals sparse white scales, yellow sero-crusts, and orangish dots/globules; and palmar psoriasis shows diffuse white scales with underlying regularly arranged bushy/glomerular capillaries.[1],[2] Dermoscopy of tinea manuum shows white scales localized to the skin furrows.[1],[3] This case further substantiates the previous findings and in addition highlights the presence of white scales in dermatoglyphics adjoining the skin furrows. The can be explained by the predominant localization of dermatophytes in the furrows and dermatoglyphics. This typical arrangement of scales is different to that seen in psoriasis where a diffuse scaling is seen. The presence of dotted vessels only in the skin furrows in another unique feature noticed in our patient. A possible explanation of this finding is the reactionary vasodilation of vessels in response to inflammatory process induced by dermatophytes. In psoriasis, the dotted vessels are present diffusely in a regular pattern.

To conclude, the dermoscopic findings in tinea manuum seems to be unique and can help differentiate it from psoriasis and eczema, however, further studies are needed to substantiate the findings.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

References

1Errichetti E, Stinco G. Dermoscopy in General Dermatology: A Practical Overview. Dermatol Ther 2016;6:471-507.
2Errichetti E, Stinco G. Dermoscopy in differential diagnosis of palmar psoriasis and chronic hand eczema. J Dermatol 2016;43:423-5.
3Khurana A, Jakhar D. Dermoscopy of Dermatophytosis. In: Sardana K, Khurana A, Garg S, Poojary S, editors. IADVL Manual on Management of Dermatophytosis. 1st ed. New Delhi: CBS publishers & distributors; 2018. pp. 32-8.