Indian Dermatology Online Journal

: 2019  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 492--493

Macula ceruleae with head louse

Archana J Lokhande, Rohini Soni, Tapan K Dhali 
 Department of Dermatology, ESI PGIMSR and Model Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Tapan K Dhali
Department of Dermatology, ESI PGIMSR and Model Hospital, New Delhi - 110 015

How to cite this article:
Lokhande AJ, Soni R, Dhali TK. Macula ceruleae with head louse.Indian Dermatol Online J 2019;10:492-493

How to cite this URL:
Lokhande AJ, Soni R, Dhali TK. Macula ceruleae with head louse. Indian Dermatol Online J [serial online] 2019 [cited 2021 Sep 23 ];10:492-493
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Full Text

A 21-year-old female patient presented with generalized acute urticaria and itching over the scalp for the past 1 week. On cutaneous examination, wheals of varying sizes were noted. On closer examination of scalp, multiple live nits and lice were present predominantly on bilateral temporo-occipital region which were demonstrated on microscopy [Figure 1]. In addition, few reddish brownish macules of size 1–2 cm were also observed over the same site [Figure 2]. On dermoscopy of these lesions, dusky-brownish hue on erythematous macules with superficial white scales were observed [Figure 3].{Figure 1}{Figure 2}{Figure 3}

Maculae ceruleae are bluish-brown macules of some millimeters to centimeters in size; they have been typically described with pediculosis pubis infestation.[1] It has been hypothesized that these lesions acquire typical color because of hemosiderin deposition secondary to louse bite marks.[2]

We concluded that these lesions are maculae ceruleae, secondary to pediculosis capitis bite, and have not been described with head lice.[3] The patient was treated with topical permethrin 1% lotion and tablet ivermectin 12 mg stat.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.


Special thanks to all the staff and residents of Department of Dermatology, ESI PGIMSR and Model Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Financial support and sponsorship


Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.


1Budimčić D, Lipozenčić J, Paštar Z, Tončić RJ. Pediculosis pubis and dermoscopy. Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2009;17:77-83.
2Betkerur J, Veeranna S. Bites, stings and infestations. In: Inamdar AC, Palit A, Raghunatha S, editors. Textbook of Pediatric Dermatology. 2nd ed. New Delhi: Jaypee Publications; 2014, p. 288.
3Di Stefani A, Hofmann-Wellenhof R, Zalaudek I. Dermoscopy for diagnosis and treatment monitoring of pediculosis capitis. J Am Acad Dermatol 2006;54:909-11.